Download A Theory of Possibility: A Constructivistic and by Nicholas Rescher PDF

By Nicholas Rescher

Contents: I. estate attribution and its modes — II. Essentialistic foundations — III. Individuation and the confident conception of attainable participants — IV. The structure of attainable worlds and the matter of the trans-world id of people — V. The systematization of quantified modal common sense — VI. life conditions — VII. inclinations — VIII. legislation and lawfulness — IX. Contrary-to-fact suppositions and counterfactual conditionals — X. The doctrine of inner family members — XI. A conceptualistic metaphysic of possibilia

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Extra info for A Theory of Possibility: A Constructivistic and Conceptualistic Account of Possible Individuals and Possible Worlds

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Concept clef de la conception matérialiste de l'histoire, il a pour fonction de donner une description de la « base» (Basis) économique des différentes formations sociales. D'après le Manifeste et l'Avant-Propos de la Contribution à la critique de l'économie politique, chaque mode de production se caractérise par la «correspondance» (Entsprechung) (AP, P40S, 488) d'un niveau de développement des « forces productives» (Produktivkriifte) et de « rapports de production » (Produktionsverhiiltnisse) déterminés.

Un ullimalum, Aubier Montaigne, 1972, p. 104). 41 science aliénée se pensant elle-même» (MsI66), à « l'esprit aliéné (entfremdet) du monde pensant à l'intérieur de son autoaliénation (Selbstentfremdung), c'est-à-dire se saisissant abstraitement» (Ms 162), et ils en appelleront à un dépassement de cette aliénation dans une « théorie effective et positive» (MsI93) conçue sous le modèle des sciences de la nature «Ultérieurement, les sciences de la nature subsumeront tout autant la science de l'homme que la science de l'homme subsumera les sciences de la nature il n'y aura plus qu'une seule science» (MsI54).

Le dégradent au rang d'accessoire annexe de la machine» (K720), privent le prolétaire « de toute apparence d'autoactivation (selbsbetiitigung)>> (lA? 1). Au communisme reviendra au contraire la responsabilité de développer les « forces essentielles du genre», ou les «dispositions» (Anlage n) et les «facultés» (Fiihigkeiten) des individus. Le développement des forces productives est déjà une « activation» de ces « forces essentielles » (Ms 165, 170, 172), de ces « facultés» et de ces « dispositions » (lA, 66-67).

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