By Thaddeus E. Weckowicz
As indicated by means of its identify "A historical past of significant rules in irregular Psychology", this ebook is not only focused on the chronology of occasions or with biographical information of significant psychiatrists and psychopathologists. It has as its major curiosity, a research of the guidelines underlying theories approximately psychological sickness and psychological future health within the Western global. those are studied in response to their old improvement from precedent days to the 20th century. The booklet discusses the heritage of rules in regards to the nature of psychological disorder, its causation, its remedy and in addition social attitudes in the direction of psychological disorder. The conceptions of psychological ailment are mentioned within the context of philosophical principles concerning the human brain and the scientific theories winning in numerous sessions of background. sure perennial controversies are offered corresponding to these among the mental and natural techniques to the therapy of psychological sickness, and people among the focal point on sickness entities (nosology) as opposed to the focal point on person personalities. The ideals of primitive societies are mentioned, and the advance of early medical principles approximately psychological ailment in Greek and Roman occasions.
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Extra info for A History of Great Ideas in Abnormal Psychology
In contrast, St. Augustine’s theories represented the opposite pole of a subjective psychology. Although the idea of demoniacal possession became the generally accepted theory of mental disease in the early Middle Ages, the victims were not blamed for their fate. Instead, they were an object of pity and were treated by exorcisms. The association of demoniacal possession with sin and a willful collusion with the devil was a belief common in the later Middle Ages, and was linked to the Holy Inquisition and to witch hunts.
185-254), one of the fathers of the Church, was himself a scholar before his conversion. He believed that the Archangel Raphael took care of the sick and attacked the pagan Celsus. For him, different parts of the body were protected by different angels or gnomes. Ideas such as these represented a regression to the earlier Egyptian medical beliefs, according to which different parts of the body were controlled by different divinities. In his thinking Origen, who lived in Alexandria, 38 Antiquity was influenced by the teachings of the Gnostics, a Christian theosophic sect which combined Christian with Oriental occult beliefs stemming from the old Egyptian religion.
Some tragedies such as Aeschylus’ Oresteiu, Euripides’ Orestes and Bacchae, as well as Sophocles’Ajax, portrayed madness as a frank psychosis. As in the case of Greek folk beliefs, these playwrights attributed the causes of madness in supernatural forces external to man: Mania, Lyssa, the Furies or Erinyes. These dreadful messengers were sent by vengeful gods to inflict madness on transgressors for a breach of taboo, for the sin of hubris; the presumption of being equal to the gods. 2 0 Antiquity 27 However, on the deeper level, the real cause of madness were profound internal psychological conflicts experienced by the heroes of the tragedies.