Download A Clinical Guide to the Treatment of the Human Stress by George S. Jr. Everly, Jeffrey M. Lating PDF

By George S. Jr. Everly, Jeffrey M. Lating

This up-to-date variation covers a number new subject matters, together with tension and the immune procedure, post-traumatic tension and challenge intervention, Eye circulation Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), serious Incident pressure Debriefing (CISD), predicament administration Briefings according to mass mess ups and terrorism, serious Incident rigidity administration (CISM), spirituality and faith as tension administration instruments, nutritional elements and tension, and up-to-date info on psychopharmacologic intervention within the human tension reaction. it's a accomplished and available consultant for college students, practitioners, and researchers within the fields of psychology, psychiatry, medication, nursing, social paintings, and public healthiness.

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Additional info for A Clinical Guide to the Treatment of the Human Stress Response 2nd Edition (Springer Series on Stress and Coping)

Example text

There are two adrenal medullary catecholamines: norepinephrine (noradrenaline) and epinephrine (adrenaline). These two hormones are collectively referred to as adrenal medullary catecholamines because of their origin and the chemical nature; that is, these hormones are secreted by the two adrenal medullae that lie at the superior poles of the kidneys. Furthermore, the biochemical structure of these hormones is related to a group of organic compounds referred to as catechols (or pyrocatechols). The adrenal medullary cells are divided into two types: A cells, which secrete epinephrine, and N cells, which secrete norepinephrine.

The codified variant of this response is posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the subject of a specialized review in Chapter 20. Nevertheless, we believe it warrants mention in this discussion of physiological mechanisms because of complex and often contradictory findings. In PTSD, both the adrenal medullary catecholamine axis and the HPAC pathways are implicated in PTSD. Given the aforementioned discussion, one would expect increased glucocorticoid secretion in PTSD given the intensity, chronicity, and overall severity of PTSD as a clinical synrome.

The Neural Axes—Stress Response via Neural Innervation of Target Organs. Three neural axes comprise the neural stress response: (1) the sympathetic nervous system, (2) the parasympathetic nervous system, and, (3) the neuromuscular nervous system. These neural pathways are the first 30 CHAPTER 2 of all stress response axes to become activated during stress arousal. This phenomenon is based upon the fact that the structure of these pathways, from origination to target-organ innervation, are completely neural, and therefore quickest.

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